Main Causes of Food Crises
The specifics of each context are complex and unique, but all four countries have one thing in common: conflict or insecurity leading to poor humanitarian access.
Population displacement, disrupted markets and livelihoods, climate change, and weak public services have contributed to the food crisis.
Conflict has forced more than a quarter of the population to flee their homes, disrupted crop production and destroyed livestock, while compromising access to people who need help. Access to food has been further affected by a collapsing economy and massive price increases for basic food items.
Consecutive severe droughts have led to crop failure, large-scale livestock deaths, depletion of assets and large-scale displacement of people. Ongoing conflict and access restrictions are also contributing to deteriorating food security.
Yemen imports more than 90 per cent of staple food. Restrictions on imports and damage to ports due to air strikes have disrupted imports of food, fuel and medicine.