To date, there are nearly 860,000 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar, 646,000 of which have arrived since 25 August in Cox’s Bazar. Not only has the pace of new arrivals made this the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world, the concentration of refugees in Cox’s Bazar is now amongst the densest in the world. The influx of refugees has put tremendous strain on the host communities. The government of Bangladesh, as well the UN and partner agencies, are working hard to scale-up the response and avoid an “emergency within an emergency” as the risk of disease outbreak and malnutrition increases.
Total People In Need
Total Rohingya in Bangladesh
Breakdown of People in Need
Where New Arrivals Are
arrivals in host communities
arrivals in new spontenous settlements
arrivals in makeshift settlements/refugee camps
Refugee Arrivals 25 Aug. to Present
Source: Rohingya Refugee Crisis response. * Some 300k refugees were estimated to be in Cox’s Bazar prior to the August influx, new arrivals indicate the estimated total since 25 August.
Video: An Overview of the Rohingya Refugee Crisis
This is a refugee crisis that calls for a comprehensive and coordinated international response. The United Nations and our partners are working closely with the Government of Bangladesh to scale up and coordinate the response so as to ensure that refugees are protected in line with international standards, and to provide desperately needed support including food, shelter, health care and water.
Photo: OCHA / Parker
Rohingya refugees, including children, are facing dangers of fraudulent recruitment, debt bondage, abusive working conditions and forced labors. The humanitarian community supports the establishment of a civilian administration (camp management) in the settlement, to ensure law and order and the rule of law, which will contribute to the refugees’ sense of safety and the participation of women.
The majority of newly arrived refugees are living in sites that have emerged since the most recent crisis began. The scale of the recent influx since August is nearly equivalent to the entire population of Washington DC fleeing and then settling in an area less than 8% the size of the land where they came from. Additionally, these sites have very limited access to life-saving services and have severely restricted access due to their remote location, lack of roads, and over-crowding.
GROWTH OF REFUGEE SETTLEMENTS IN COX’S BAZAR, BANGLADESH
Sources: IOM, UNHCR, Logistics cluster, UN Geographic Information Section
Humanitarian aid agencies are actively trying provide protection, health and nutrition services to the ever-growing refugee population. Since 25 August, over 500,000 people have been reached with health care services, over 90,000 of the most vulnerable people have been reached with nutrition intervention, and some 678,000 refugees have received some form of food assistance. With greater resources, workers can provide more aid and avoid a "emergency within an emergency."
HEALTH SERVICES IN COX'S BAZAR
Sources: WHO, REACH initiative
Photo: OCHA / Parker
Children have witnessed their parents’ deaths and are now left to fend for their even younger siblings. In addition to safety, the refugees urgently need food, water, shelter, health care and psychosocial support, among other services. Nearly 60 per cent of new arrivals are children.
Currently, both the government of Bangladesh and aid agencies are working hard to rapidly scale up life-saving aid, but more assistance is desperately needed, and partners urgently require funding to expand operations in line with rapidly intensifying needs. The Response plan launched on 27 October and is currently grossly underfunded. Donors are urged to pledge generously to achieve full financial coverage of the plan through February 2018.
Scaling up the humanitarian response requires adoption of a twin-track approach of meeting the immediate needs as well as the mid to longer term support. Immediate response: working closely with the Government of Bangladesh and military to provide a blanket distribution of immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance to meet basic needs in the areas of WASH, Health, Food (including Nutrition), Shelter, and Protection, targeting new arrivals and the most vulnerable where possible. to identify and meet their special needs. At the same time, assistance is required for host communities facing tremendous strain with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of people.
Photo: OCHA / Anthony Burke
While immediate needs are being met, a long-term vision should be at the heart of the response from the onset. It is of utmost urgency that the authorities in Myanmar with support from the international community and countries in the region address the root causes of the crisis so that people are no longer compelled to flee and can return home in safety and dignity.